Mangol Ghazan Khan History

Mangol Ghazan Khan History

Mangol Ghazan Khan History      Mahmud Ghazan, who was born on 5 November 1271, was the seventh ruler of the Ilkhanate, a division of the Mongol Empire in modern-day Iran. He was a direct descendant of Genghis Khan, the son of Arghun and the grandson of Abaqa Khan and Hulagu Khan. Famous for his conversion to Islam in 1295 upon taking the throne, he met Imam Ibn Taymiyya at that time. His great-uncle Kublai Khan had sent one of Ghazan’s many principal wives, Kököchin, to him; she was originally betrothed to Arghun before he died.

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There were many military conflicts during Ghazan’s reign, including wars with the Egyptian Mamluks for Syria control and battles with the Turko-Mongol Chagatai Khanate. Furthermore, Ghazan continued his predecessors’ unsuccessful attempts to form a Franco-Mongol alliance with Europe by maintaining diplomatic contacts with Europe. A man of high culture, Ghazan spoke multiple languages, had many hobbies, and reformed many elements of the Ilkhanate, particularly in the matter of standardizing currency and fiscal policy.

Ghazan’s parents were Arghun and his concubine Kultak Egechi from the Dörben tribe. When they married, Arghun was only 12 years old. Kultak’s elder sister Ashlun had already married Tübshin, the son of Hulagu and the former viceroy of Khorasan. According to Rashid al-Din, their union occurred in Mazandaran, where Arghun was a viceroy at the time. Ghazan was born on 5 November 1271 in Abaskun (near modern Bandar Turkman), although he was raised by Buluqhan Khatun, his grandfather Abaqa’s favorite wife who did not have any children of her own. Ghazan and Arghun didn’t meet until 1279 when Abaqa attacked Qaraunas; there they had a brief encounter.

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