Sultan Alparslan History

Sultan Alparslan History

In Sultan Alparslan History, As the second Sultan of the Seljuk Empire, Alp Arslan[a] was great-grandson of Seljuk, the dynasty’s founder. As he expanded Seljuk territory and consolidated his power, he defeated rivals to the south and northwest, and he won the Battle of Manzikert in 1071, which ushered in Turkoman settlement in Anatolia.

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Alp Arslan was the progeny of Chaghri and Tughril, the founders of the Seljuk Empire. His grandfather Mikail was the son of warlord Seljuk. Alp Arslan had numerous descendants, including Malik-Shah I and Tutush I.[3] His marital history is unclear, as it is unknown who his wives were. What is known is that he was married at least twice: to the widow of his uncle Tughril, a Kara-Khanid princess Aka or Seferiye Khatun; and to the daughter/niece of Bagrat IV of Georgia (who later wed his vizier Nizam al-Mulk).[4] Among Seljuk’s other sons were his rival brothers Suleiman ibn Chaghri and Qavurt; as well as Arslan Isra’il – whose son Kutalmish argued with Alp Arslan over succession to the sultanate. Kutalmish’s progeny, Kilij Arslan, turned out to be a major antagonist against Franks during both First Crusade and 1101 Crusade.[5]

His father Chaghri remained in Khorasan while Alp Arslan accompanied his uncle Tughril on campaigns against the Fatimids in the south. After Alp Arslan returned home, his father suggested he work in administration. His father introduced him to Nizam al-Mulk, one of the eminent statesmen of early Muslim history and Alp Arslan’s future vizier.


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